Change Equation - Beckhard

Change Equation - Beckhard

The change equation is a simple model for explaining organizational change. The model asserts that there are three factors that need to be present before change can happen successfully. There needs to be a dissatisfaction with the status quo, there needs to be a clear vision of what is possible and there needs to be an understanding of what the first basic steps are that need to be taken. The model shows that if these three factors are not present, then resistance to change will not be overcome and the change will fail.

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Adizes' PAEI management roles

Adizes' PAEI management roles

The PAEI Management Model, developed by Dr. Ichak Adizes, is a model for categorizing managers into one of four roles, Producer, Administrator, Entrepreneur and Integrator. Adizes asserts that no individual manager can meet all the needs of their organization or department. He argues that effective management requires a team of leaders who - when working together in harmony - can handle the most complex challenges and issues. 

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Eisenhower's Effective Time Management

Eisenhower's Effective Time Management

Eisenhower once noted, "What is important is seldom urgent and what is urgent is seldom important". His approach to Time Management was to determine priorities for issues or tasks in two dimensions: 

  • Importance (outcome focus)
  • Urgency (time focus)

By plotting issues and tasks against the dimensions of importance and urgency, they can be mapped onto a 2x2 grid, which can be used as a guide to the most appropriate action to take.

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SWOT Analysis (Strengths, Weaknesses Opportunities, Threats)

SWOT Analysis (Strengths, Weaknesses Opportunities, Threats)

SWOT Analysis is a simple model used in strategic planning to assess the Strengths and Weaknesses of an organization, combined with an inventory of Opportunities and Threats in the external environment. SWOT is a versatile tool that can be used at the organizational level, but can also be applied to departments, teams, programs and individuals.

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